V.P. Vasuhan

ழ்

Sri Lanka Art History 

Sri Lanka got its name-Lanka, Tambapanni, Taprobane, Serendib, 
Ceylon, Sri Lanka.


Sri lankan art well known for Batik, wood carving, clay pottery,
ceramic, architecture, sculpture, mask, cinema, music, paintings ...


The tea production of Sri Lanka, formerly called Ceylon, is one of the main income sources of the country.

Capitals: Colombo
Independence - 04 Feb 1948
Population: 21.67 million (2018)
Currency: Sri Lankan rupee
 
 
1. History
Archeological places
well known cities
.
.
  •  Anuradhapura
  1. Polonnaruwa
.
.
  oldest cities
.
.
  • Jaffna
  • Vanni
 
 
other cities
 
.
  • Kandy
  1. sigiriya
  2. Trincomalee
  3. Manar
 
Languages 
  • Sinhala
  1. Tamil
  2. English
 
Ethnic groups
  • Tamils
  1. Sinhalies
  2. Muslims
  3. Catholics
  4. Burgher
  5. Indian Tamils 
  6. Malays
  7. Kaffirs
  8. Moors
  9. Chinese
   2. Religions
  • Hindusm
  • Buddhism
  1. Islamic
  2. Christianisme
 
  3.  The Impact of Colonization 
  • Arabs - 7th Centurey
  1. Portuguese  - 1505-1658
  2. Dutch - 1640-1796 
  3. British - 1815-1948
  4. India 1987
  • Art
  1. Languages 
  2. Cuisine
  3. Clothes
  4. Architecture
  4. Art
  • Sigiriya - Frescoes
  1. Batik, 
  2. Kolam
  3. Paintings
  4. Wood carving
  5. Clay pottery and ceramic
  6. Architecture
  7. Sculpture
  8. Mask
  9. Cinema
  10. Music 
  11. Art galleris 
  12.  Museums
  13. Biennal 2009, 2012, 2014, 2016 (www.biennialfoundation.org)
  • Art galleris 
  • Barefoot gallery 1967-1972 (reopening 1991
  • Lionel Wendt art centre 1953
  • National Art Gallery - Colombo  
  • Museums 
  • National Museum of Colombo
  • Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Sri Lanka 2019
  • Ariyapala Masks Museum
 5. Artists 20eme siecle
  •  Sarasvati Rockwood
  • Gunasiri Kolambage 
  • Sella µHennedige Sarth
  • Wichrama Arachchige Ariyasena
  • Varnon Saldin
  • Jayalakshimi Satyendra
  • Barbara Sansoni
 

Short form of History of Sri Lanka

The earliest human remains found on the island of Sri Lanka date to about 35, 000 years ago ( Balangoda man). 48,000-year-old arrowheads found in Sri Lankan cave


The first Tamil ruler of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, Ellalan, an invader, is recorded for the 2nd century, based on chronicles like the (Buddhism) Mahavamsa, Dipavamsa, and the Culavamsa. The island was divided into numerous kingdoms over the following centuries, intermittently (between CE 993 - 1077) united under Chola rule. Sri Lanka was ruled by 181 monarchs from the Jaffna to Anuradhapura to Kandy periods. From the 16th century, some coastal areas of the country were also controlled by the Portuguese, Dutch and British.Indian forces occupied north and east part of the islands 1987- 1990. The Sri Lankan Civil War began in 1958, including an armed youth uprising in 1974, with the 25 year long civil war ending in 2009.


Almost all of world's religions are practiced in the small island of Sri Lanka. There are different religious festivals every month and mostly everyone participates in everyone else's festivals. And as a resuld Sri Lanka has more public holidays than any country in the World.


Sri Lanka's best wildlife national parks - Yala National Park (Leopard in Yala) and Sinharaja Forest Reserve (The Serendib Scops Owl - is the most recently discovered bird of Sri Lanka, and formally described as a species new to science in 2004.



Historical 17th century old map of Ceylon (modern Sri Lanka)
About civil War 1948-2009