VP. Vasuhan

 

Little history of Serendib  Art and Culture

( Sri Lanka )

 

Sri Lanka was previously known as - Lanka, Tambapanni, Taprobane, Serendib,  Ceylon, Sri Lanka.

Sri Lankan art is well known for batik, wood carving, clay pottery, ceramic, architecture, sculpture, mask, cinema, music, paintings ...

Ceylon Tea is the largest export item of the country, as well as cotton clothes.

 
Capitals: Colombo
Independence - 04 Feb 1948
Population: 21.67 million (2018)
Currency: Sri Lankan rupee
 
 
 
1. Archeological places
well known cities
.
.
  • Anuradhapura
  1. Polonnaruwa
.
 
  other cities 
.
 
  • Kandy
  1. sigiriya
  2. Colombo 
  3. Galle 
  4. Batticaloa
  5. Trincomalee
  6. Jaffna
  7. Manar
  8. Negombo
  9. Vavuniya
.
2.  People 
Ethnic groups
  • Tamils
  1. Sinhalies
  2. Muslims
  3. Catholics
  4. Burgher
  5. Indian Tamils (Up coutry)
  6. Malays
  7. Kaffirs
  8. Moors
  9. Chinese
 
Languages
  • Sinhala
  1. Tamil
  2. English
.
  Religions
  • Hindusm
  • Buddhism
  1. Islamic
  2. Christianism
  3.  The Impact of Colonization 
  • Arabs - 7th Centurey
  1. Portuguese  - 1505-1658
  2. Dutch - 1640-1796 
  3. British - 1815-1948
  • Art
  1. Languages 
  2. Cuisine
  3. Clothes
  4. Architecture
  4. Art
  • Sigiriya - Frescoes
  1. Batik, 
  2. Kolam
  3. Paintings
  4. Wood carving
  5. Clay pottery and ceramic
  6. Architecture
  7. Sculpture
  8. Wood Mask
  9. Cinema
  10. Music 
  11. Drama
  12. Literature
  • Art galleris 
  • Barefoot gallery 1967-1972 (reopening 1991
  • Lionel Wendt art centre 1953
  • National Art Gallery - Colombo  


  • Museums 
  • National Museum of Colombo
  • Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Sri Lanka 2019
  • Ariyapala Masks Museum

  1. Biennal 2009, 2012, 2014, 2016 (www.biennialfoundation.org)
 5. Artists
  20eme siecle
  • Sarasvati Rockwood
  • Gunasiri Kolambage 
  • Sella Hennedige Sarth
  • Wichrama Arachchige Ariyasena
  • Varnon Saldin
  • Jayalakshimi Satyendra
  • Barbara Sansoni
 
 

The earliest human remains found on the island of Sri Lanka date to about 35, 000 years ago ( Balangoda man). 48,000-year-old bow-and-arrow found in Sri Lankan cave,arrowheads crafted from animal bone.


Sri Lanka is an island, country in South Asia. It lies in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the Bay of Bengal, and southeast of the Arabian Sea.  Independence in 1948.


The first Tamil ruler of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, Ellalan, an invader, is recorded for the 2nd century, based on chronicles like the (Buddhism) Mahavamsa, Dipavamsa, and the Culavamsa. The island was divided into numerous kingdoms over the following centuries, intermittently (between CE 993 - 1077) united under Chola rule. Sri Lanka was ruled by 181 monarchs from the Jaffna to Anuradhapura to Kandy periods. From the 16th century, some coastal areas of the country were also controlled by the Portuguese, Dutch and British.Indian forces occupied north and east part of the islands 1987- 1990. The Sri Lankan Civil War began in 1958, including an armed youth uprising in 1974, with the 35 year long civil war ending in 2009.


Almost all of world's religions are practiced in the small island of Sri Lanka. There are different religious festivals every month and mostly everyone participates in everyone else's festivals. And as a resuld Sri Lanka has more public holidays than any country in the World.


Sri Lanka's best wildlife national parks - Yala National Park (Leopard in Yala) and Sinharaja Forest Reserve. The Serendib Scops Owl - is the most recently discovered bird of Sri Lanka, and formally described as a species new to science in 2004.